It is a migratory bird that breeds in the coastal regions of the Canadian Arctic and migrates to the southern United States and northern Mexico for the winter.
Swamps, meadows, fields, lakes, bays; tundra in summer. It usually resides in open ground; most winters on agricultural plots (to forage) near large shallow waters (to dormitory). It reproduces in the tundra, both in the humid coastal areas and in the drier areas of the tundra inland. The “Tule goose” breeds in mudflats and open wet marshes in the spruce forest region; winters mainly in swamps.
Mainly plant material. In winter, it feeds mainly on seeds and grain waste in the fields; it also feeds on newly grown herbs. In summer, it eats the stems and roots of herbs, reeds, ponytails and other plants, as well as berries and buds. It ingests some aquatic insects and sometimes snails, which it eats accidentally along with plants.
Greater probability of sighting in winter.
Freshwater bodies and grasses near water.